Hydrogen Manufacturing Solutions
Hydrogen Manufacturing Solutions
Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. Hydrogen weighs less than Helium, yet by weight has 3x more energy than gasoline. It is the smallest of all atoms and hard to contain. This creates problems for valves, seals and piston rings with leaks and makes compression difficult, but finally all is solved
Hydrogen atoms are incredibly small and will cause fatigue & permeate metals used in compressors, storage tanks and pipelines which causes destruction. Today's compressors will require extensive rework in years 2 or 3. Rework takes months before returned to production. Large compressors cost as much as $10 million dollars to repair.
When you add maintenance cost, downtime, and then loss of efficiency's due to piston and valve leakage, the operational expenses climb.
Electrum discovery's solve issues with embrittlement and valve leakage. Eliminating these problems provides the lowest cost of production today!
The company is the result of ten years extensive development and testing to resolve these engineering issues. We now have the most efficient production process in the industry today and we can prove it!
Gases are more useful in a compressed state, but compressing and storing large quantities of the universe’s simplest atom has been a perplexing task for well over 100 years. Since the discovery of elemental hydrogen gas in 1766 scientists and engineers have been attempting to make use of hydrogen as an energy source. For hydrogen to be compatible with modern technology the gas absolutely must be compressed for storage and transportation, but this seemingly simple task has, in actual practice, opened up a tremendous scientific can of worms, and each time one aspect seems to be resolved the metaphorical can yields ever more worms.
Pictured here is a piston from one of the simplest type of compressors used to pressurize other gases, a reciprocating compressor. A relatively simple idea at its base, the reciprocating compressor configuration is used for everything –from powering mighty diesel engines hauling megaton cargoes across the wide oceans, to inflating your child’s pool toys. Reciprocating compressors are versatile, ubiquitous, and totally insufficient to the need for compressed hydrogen. The problem isn’t the reciprocating compressor; the problem is hydrogen itself. First of all, the hydrogen molecule (H2) is so small that the piston rings surrounding the piston –which are meant to seal the space between the piston and the cylinder wall –can’t be made molecularly “tight” enough to prevent hydrogen just passing right by. Even the very best compressors, the top-of-the-line and spare-no-expense type, made with the best engineering humanity can manage, are only capable of compression ratios of only 3:1. Considering that the sedan in your driveway can manage 10:1, and that diesel tractor-trailers rolling down the road are closer to 20:1 compression, the scrawny compression ratios of hydrogen offered by the best of human engineering leaves a lot to be desired.
Even if reciprocating compressors were able to pressurize it sufficiently, a process called “hydrogen embrittlement” would inevitably destroy the compressor on a molecular level. Hydrogen embrittlement occurs when gasses are compressed temperatures rise, which increases the Brownian motion of the hydrogen molecules, allowing the minuscule hydrogen molecule to intercalate into metallic alloy crystals. Functionally, this means that hydrogen has the ability to destroy compressors literally on an atomic level. Every other molecule in nature is at least twice as large, so this is a problem that is unique to hydrogen, and modern engineering has come up with few solutions. There are a few substances known that are impervious to hydrogen embrittlement, but so far no one has been able to build a compressor out of them.
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Fact: One Kilogram of Hydrogen (H2) @ sea level (psi), occupies 12,000 liters of space. That is equal to 6,000 two liter bottles of Cola.